The key difference between accusative and dative case is what they focus on in a sentence. In the German (and English) language, there are mainly four cases. They are the nominative case
, accusative case, dative case, and the genitive case. The nominative case refers to the subject
of the sentence
. The accusative case refers to the direct object
of the sentence. The dative case refers to the indirect object of the sentence. Finally, the genitive case refers to the possessive.