Apr 04, 2018 - 07:03 AM
May 29, 2018 - 06:02 AM
That said, there are also many situations where you just have to use one case or another and not look for a reason. For example I remember that when first learning about the dative case I made a list of prepositions that always trigger the dative and just learned them by heart: Aus, Bei, Mit, Nach, Seit, Von, Zu.
I've repeated the list so much that I still use it as a mnemotechnic device any time I start doubting. I made the same thing with the accusative case, or prepositions that can trigger both cases depending on context etc etc
So my advice would be for you to start making your own lists and learn a few of them by heart, it really helps, then you'll see it becomes more and more natural with practice.
Mastering the cases is a really long process though, and it is one of the most difficult aspects of the German language, so don't let it put you off, keep at it and don't be afraid of speaking, even if you make a few cases errors sometimes, people will understand!
Jun 19, 2018 - 06:27 AM
Jul 20, 2018 - 05:53 PM
The nominative, or subject, form is the simplest to learn.
The accusative and dative get very tricky with the prepositions. But, in at least many cases, the accusative case handles direct objects (and directions), the dative case handles indirect objects (and locations), and the genitive deals with the possessive.
the bread (the word "the" is nominative) das Brot
I eat the bread ("I' is the subject, while the bread is the direct object, so you use the accusative) Ich esse das Brot
I give the bread to you ("I" is the subject, "to you" uses the dative because it's an indirect object, and "the bread" once again is the direct object
Ich gebe dir das Brot
I give you the bread of the bakery ("of the bakery" uses the genitive) Ich gebe dir das Brot der Backerei
If this is confusing or incorrect, someone please correct me!